[i2c] [PATCH, RFC] Earlier I2C initialization

Jean Delvare khali at linux-fr.org
Tue Jun 24 18:39:45 CEST 2008

Hi Ryan,

Sorry for the late answer.

On Thu, 12 Jun 2008 09:24:54 +1200, Ryan Mallon wrote:
> Jean Delvare wrote:
> > On Wed, 11 Jun 2008 13:27:09 -0700, David Brownell wrote:
> >> There's no rule saying that subsystem initialization may not include
> >> the essential drivers -- in this case, i2c_adapter drivers.  PCI hubs
> >> and bridges are certainly initialized very early, before module_init
> >> code runs...
> > 
> > Care to point me to actual code to backup this "certainly"?
> ryan at okiwi:pci$ grep initcall * -R
> pci-acpi.c:arch_initcall(acpi_pci_init);
> pci.c:device_initcall(pci_init);
> pci-driver.c:postcore_initcall(pci_driver_init);
> pcie/aspm.c:fs_initcall(pcie_aspm_init);
> pci-sysfs.c:late_initcall(pci_sysfs_init);
> probe.c:postcore_initcall(pcibus_class_init);
> proc.c:__initcall(pci_proc_init);
> At a quick glance (I don't know much about the PCI subsystem) at least
> the bus and class are registered early on.

Ah, my bad. I had been grepping for subsys_initcall, instead of just
_initcall. It's clearer now.

> > I think it makes a lot of sense to initialize the core of a subsystem
> > early, so that all devices and drivers can be registered. This doesn't
> > imply registering the hardware bus drivers too, even though in some
> > cases it is also needed. I doubt that whoever designed subsys_initcall
> > meant it to be used for all bus drivers, otherwise he/she would have
> > named it, say, busdrv_initcall.
> At least in the case of i2c on many embedded devices we want the bus
> driver early, but many other i2c bus drivers don't need this. There
> seem to be two main options:
> 1) Use subsys_initcall on the ones that may need to be early (current
> approach).
> 2) Split the bus drivers into two directories, say drivers/i2c-early and
> drivers/i2c, and put the former earlier in the link order.

I don't like option 2 at all. drivers/i2c/early could be, but not

> Maybe a decent compromise approach is to move the drivers which are used
> on embedded systems to a new directory such as drivers/i2c/embedded or
> drivers/i2c/soc and then only use subsys_initcall on bus drivers in that
> directory?

If we are going to keep using subsys_initcall in bus drivers, then
moving the bus drivers using it to a separate directory is not needed.
Which doesn't mean we don't want to split the i2c bus drivers into
subdirectories for other reasons, but I want to see this as a separate
issue. BTW, I started categorizing the different types of i2c bus
If you want to help with embedded stuff or SOC or whatever makes sense
to group together, please do! For now, everything I am not familiar
with is in group "Others".

> If all of the i2c drivers then go in the right place, ie drivers/gpio
> instead of drivers/i2c/chips, then only the bus drivers, not the device
> drivers, should ever need to use subsys_initcall right?

If drivers/gpio and everything else which may be needed early are moved
early in the linking order, yes. Otherwise they will need to use
subsys_initcall too, but I seem to understand that it might not be
sufficient, if other drivers depend on them and they are also using

> > But don't get me wrong: if subsys_initcall is the way to go, that's
> > alright with me, that's way less work than having to move drivers to
> > different directories and fixing the link order.
> I don't think multiple directories for i2c at the drivers/ level is the
> right way to go, that just going to get confusing. I think moving the
> i2c bus drivers which may be needed early to a new sub directory under
> drivers/i2c and then tidying up the Kconfig to categorise the bus
> drivers as embedded (soc), pc, external, etc.

I agree.

Jean Delvare

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