[lm-sensors] [PATCH] I2C: i2c_bit_add_bus should initialize SDA and SCL lines

Mark M. Hoffman mhoffman at lightlink.com
Fri Jun 9 13:05:46 CEST 2006


Hi Krzysztof:

* Krzysztof Halasa <khc at pm.waw.pl> [2006-06-06 18:58:46 +0200]:
> Another thing: I noticed the i2c_bit_add_bus doesn't set SDA and SCL
> lines to a known levels. If the hw driver set them to 1 all is fine
> and the first START condition is detected correctly. But if they're
> set differently (for example, if both are zero), the START will not
> work.
> 
> I'm not sure if the following patch isn't an overkill, though, and
> if the lack of initialization is a real problem which shows in
> practice and not only on my analyzer.
> 
> In case you think it's needed:
> 
> This patch makes i2c_bit_add_bus() initialize SDA and SCL lines
> as required by subsequent START condition.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Krzysztof Halasa <khc at pm.waw.pl>
> 
> --- a/drivers/i2c/algos/i2c-algo-bit.c
> +++ b/drivers/i2c/algos/i2c-algo-bit.c
> @@ -544,6 +544,13 @@ int i2c_bit_add_bus(struct i2c_adapter *
>  	adap->timeout = 100;	/* default values, should	*/
>  	adap->retries = 3;	/* be replaced by defines	*/
>  
> +	setsda(bit_adap, 0);	/* may mean START if SCL = 1 */
> +	udelay(bit_adap->udelay);
> +	setscl(bit_adap, 1);	/* may clock a zero bit in */
> +	udelay(bit_adap->udelay);
> +	setsda(bit_adap, 1);	/* STOP */
> +	udelay(bit_adap->udelay);
> +
>  	i2c_add_adapter(adap);
>  	return 0;
>  }

NACK.  The I2C bus spec says[1]:

	A START condition immediately followed by a STOP condition
	(void message) is an illegal format.

SCL and SDA must be pulled high by hardware.  If a driver inits to
setting them low, that's a bug in the driver.

[1] (page 14, note 5)
http://www.semiconductors.philips.com/acrobat_download/literature/9398/39340011.pdf

Regards,

-- 
Mark M. Hoffman
mhoffman at lightlink.com





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