[lm-sensors] hwmon API update

Guenter Roeck guenter.roeck at ericsson.com
Mon Feb 28 19:42:28 CET 2011


On Mon, Feb 28, 2011 at 12:50:45PM -0500, Lucas Stach wrote:
> Hello all,
>  
> let me revive this discussion a bit. After reading some things about the
> matter I think the way to go is to use Intels thermal framework. It
> should be easy to add the needed temp_get and fan_set functions to the
> affected hwmon drivers. 
> 
> But then one problem still persists: when the hwmon driver probes a
> device it automatically creates the sysfs entries. This is unintended
> behaviour from nouveau's point of view. The sensor value is not the real
> temperature value; it has to be scaled with some factor and an offset
> hard-coded in the video bios tables. This scaling could only be done on
> nouveau's side, so the hwmon driver is exposing an interface with wrong
> values to the userspace.
> 
> We need a way to use the hwmon i2c driver without exposing this
> interface. Do you have any preferred way how we could achieve this?
> 
The whole point of the hwmon subsystem is to expose hardware monitoring
attributes to userspace. A hwmon driver without sysfs attributes does not
make sense.

Guenter

> I see two ways to do this:
> 1. Sort out if we need the sysfs entries in the probe function. This
> could be done with some name postfix in the board_info. Downside: adds
> some noise to this function.
> 
> 2. Creating a new module which only exposes the thermal framework API.
> This leads to code duplication and we end up with two drivers for the
> same i2c monitoring chip. On the other hand this _could_ lead to cleaner
> code and we could move this part to drivers/thermal instead of
> drivers/hwmon. I don't like the code duplication, do you see any chance
> to avoid this in case this is the way to go?
> 
> Please comment on my thoughts, we need your feedback to bring up an API
> everyone could agree on. I'm willing to hack together a prototype over
> the next week, but want to avoid running in a completely wrong
> direction.
> 
> -- Lucas
> 
> Am Sonntag, den 13.02.2011, 23:08 +0100 schrieb Jean Delvare:
> > On Sun, 13 Feb 2011 09:16:40 -0800, Guenter Roeck wrote:
> > > On Sun, Feb 13, 2011 at 07:18:44AM -0500, Martin Peres wrote:
> > > > Hi,
> > > > 
> > > > I am working on power management on the nouveau driver and I need a way 
> > > > to get data out of and send commands to the i2c drivers from the kernel 
> > > > space.
> > 
> > Why? You already have a way to get data out of and send commands to the
> > I2C devices themselves (Using the i2c_smbus_* functions). Why do you
> > insist on going through the I2C device drivers?
> > 
> > > > We can already change the clocks of the card, but we need a way to 
> > 
> > How is this relevant to the discussion? Are the clock chips connected
> > to the I2C bus too?
> > 
> > > > monitor the temperature and bump the fan speed if needed.
> > 
> > Hardware is very badly designed if the driver actually has to take care
> > of this. Thermal management should be handled by the hardware directly.
> > And as a matter of fact, the Analog Devices ADT7473 and the Fintek
> > F75375S support this.
> > 
> > > > Another problem with letting users mess with the i2c driver by 
> > > > themselves is that some cards use the i2c driver for fan management 
> > > > while others don't. This is why I would like to introduce nouveau as an 
> > 
> > I guess you mean I2C device, not i2c driver. You will have to be
> > precise in your wording if you want others to understand where you are
> > going.
> > 
> > When the I2C device isn't used for fan management, how is it done?
> > 
> > > > hwmon driver, exporting the temperature, fan management and clock speeds 
> > > > so as we can use the thermal zone to monitor the temperature and react 
> > > > when needed.
> > 
> > It only makes sense to instantiate a hwmon device from nouveau directly
> > if the temperature sensor or the fan management is _not_ done by an I2C
> > device. So it seems unrelated with your patch. Why are you mentioning
> > it then?
> > 
> > And clock speeds don't have anything to do with hwmon, BTW.
> > 
> > > > So far, we use:
> > > > - w83l785ts
> > > > - w83781d
> > > > - adt7473 (most common one)
> > > > - f75375
> > > > - lm99
> > > > 
> > > > With the help of Matthew Garret, I updated his previous proposal for an 
> > > > in-kernel API for hwmon. The patch should apply cleanly on Linux 
> > 
> > I can't remember this proposal. A link would be appreciated.
> > 
> > > > 2.6.38-rc4. This patch only provides the API, no modification to the 
> > > > drivers has been completed yet.
> > 
> > Do you mean that you don't have the code at all yet, or that you did
> > not include it in this patch set? Either way, this is wrong. There is
> > no point in asking for a review of only half of your solution. We can't
> > comment on the relevance of your proposal without seeing how you intend
> > to use it.
> > 
> > > > Looking forward to your review and feedback.
> > 
> > I have no plan to review your patch, sorry. You did not provide a
> > proper description of your problem, and you didn't explain why it can't
> > be solved with the current kernel infrastructures. Worse, you propose a
> > brand new hwmon subsystem, but you don't even provide a description of
> > its design, let alone an explanation of why you think this design is
> > appropriate. And you don't show us code using it either.
> > 
> > All I can say after a quick look at the patch, is that you are
> > overengineering a lot. You have enumerated all sensor properties which
> > exist, and are trying to handle all sensor types. You have a specific
> > need (thermal management of graphics cards), but you are already trying
> > to provide a generic access to all hwmon attributes which exist,
> > regardless of the needs or relevance. Do you really think you'll need
> > information about the case intrusion status in nouveau? Seriously?
> > 
> > > > From 059b647b7b8bd98c04cf48b4062048b8ae963593 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
> > > > From: Martin Peres <martin.peres at ensi-bourges.fr>
> > > > Date: Sun, 13 Feb 2011 11:35:17 +0100
> > > > Subject: [PATCH] hwmon API update
> > > > 
> > > > Original creator: Matthew Garrett <mjg at redhat.com>
> > > > 
> > > > Signed-off-by: Martin Peres <martin.peres at ensi-bourges.fr>
> > > 
> > > This is an extremely complex change just for the benefit of one driver,
> > > with a huge potential of misuse. The changes required in each driver
> > > to actually implement the API are substantial, and pretty much only add
> > > complexity to each hwmon driver with no real benefit.
> > 
> > I would be very curious to know how comes that the radeon driver
> > apparently works just fine without this change, if the nouveau driver
> > can't do without it.
> > 
> > My main concern is that the code you will have to add to every new
> > hwmon driver you will want nouveau to be able to use, is likely to be
> > larger than the code needed to access the device registers directly
> > from nouveau. Getting a temperature value from a hwmon device is
> > typically done with a single call to i2c_smbus_read_byte_data().
> > 
> > > The cost gets even larger if one has to consider that some may want or
> > > have to to backport drivers to earlier kernel versions. This patchset
> > > would result in significant efforts to do such backports.
> > 
> > This will never be a good reason to reject a change, sorry. Just look
> > at the many changes the i2c subsystem went through in the past 2 years.
> > They make it difficult to backport i2c device drivers to older kernels,
> > but they still happened, because they were needed. When backporting a
> > driver, you have to deal with the history of the kernel at large,
> > that's life.
> > 
> > > For the API itself, there are lots of functions with similar parameters, 
> > > and those parameters are needed in the drivers to determine which attribute
> > > is affected. A single function would have accomplished the same, as the drivers
> > > will need case statements anyway to identify the actual attribute to be read
> > > or written. What we end up here with is a large number of functions to be
> > > supported by each driver, all with pretty much the same set of arguments.
> > 
> > This is the kind of thing which would show up immediately if we could
> > see a few actual implementations of the hwmon driver side of the API.
> > In general, I would tend to agree with Guenter that exporting a dozen
> > functions from the hwmon core driver seems just wrong, especially given
> > the specific problem you claim you are trying to solve.
> > 
> > > I don't know what current thinking is about kernel size increases, but it
> > > looks like this patch will result in quite significant kernel size increase
> > > (some 18*8 = 144 bytes per driver for all the pointers, plus the actual 
> > > functions, adds up to a lot). Again this would be with no benefit for most
> > > of the users of the hwmon subsystem. Sure, one can argue that the size increases
> > > will only occur if the drivers are actually loaded, but that is a pretty weak
> > > argument since the code size increase will still show up in each driver.
> > > 
> > > In summary I am not in favor for this change. Maybe Jean thinks differently,
> > > but for my part I don't plan to approve it.
> > 
> > I don't plan to approve it either, at least not in its current state.
> > As I said above already, I want a complete description of the problem
> > first, an explanation of why the change is needed, why a more
> > lightweight solution wouldn't do, and why nouveau needs it when radeon
> > doesn't. And I want to see actual implementations of the API on both
> > sides.
> > 
> > Sorry but you can't push for a new API affecting 100 drivers without
> > justifying everything you do. An API with no implementers and no users
> > is not how you'll convince me.
> > 
> 
> 




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